Scotland is the northernmost country of Great Britain, sharing a border of almost 100 miles with England to the south. Ireland is only 13 miles across the Irish Sea from Scotland. A dramatic and breathtaking landscape of lochs, rivers, peaks, mountainous highlands, 790 islands, broad valleys, and southern lowlands. From early hunter-gatherers to neolithic villages, chiefdoms, pre-Christian ritual structures, Pictish, Gaelic, Viking, and Norse cultures – the early human history of Scotland is still visible today and makes for a fantastic trip of exploration! As a difference in wealth between the Highlands and the industrializing lowlands grew, Highlanders adopted tartan and the Great Highland bagpipe. Celtic culture and festivals are enduring in Scotland, as are symbols such as Saint Andrew’s Cross.